Επένδυση για παραγωγή καθαρής ενέργειας με ψυχρή σύντηξη στην Ξάνθη
Ψυχρή σύντηξη, το όνειρο των φυσικών για δεκαετίες και για πολλούς ένας μύθος. Ενέργεια από σύντηξη πυρήνων χωρίς τον κίνδυνο της ραδιενέργειας των γνωστών μας πυρηνικών αντιδραστήρων της θερμής σύντηξης.
Τις τελευταίες εβδομάδες μια σειρά από δημοσιεύματα στο διαδίκτυο μιλούν για άφθονη φθηνή ενέργεια από.....
ψυχρή σύντηξη και μάλιστα με ελληνική συμμετοχή. Πρόκειται για μια εφεύρεση επιστημόνων του πανεπιστημίου της Μπολόνια, που παράγει ηλεκτρική και θερμική ενέργεια από τη ψυχρή σύντηξη υδρογόνου και νικελίου.
Μία ελληνική εταιρία, η Defkalion Green Technologies, θα κατασκευάσει συσκευές με την ονομασία Hyperion, βασισμένη στην πατέντα των ιταλών.
Energy Catalyzer (E-cat) = a cold fusion reactor
that produces energy inputting hydrogen and
nickel (and outputting copper) — [NEW TECH]Andrea Rossi’s Energy Catalyzer @ Wikipedia –> It seems to work (the machine outputs 30 times the input).
Andre Rossi says it is not “cold fusion” but rather low-energy nuclear reactions (LENR).
Another scientist says here that cold fusion and LENR are 2 words for the same thing (also, “chemically-assisted nuclear reactions”). Download the MP3 here.
According to Focardi, "the hydrogen is heated at a given temperature with a simple resistor. When the ignition temperature is reached, the energy production process starts: the hydrogen atoms penetrate into the nickel and transform it into copper.”
The application to patent the device received an unfavorable preliminary report on patentability, noting that the description of the device was based on "general statements and speculations." The report cited numerous deficiencies in both the description and in the evidence provided to support its feasibility.
January 2011 demonstration
The apparatus was demonstrated in an industrial hangar outside Bologna to invited journalists and scientists on January 14, 2011. During the demonstration, which lasted for about one hour, the reactor was "ignited" with electrical current passing through a resistance. It was claimed that the electrical power fed to the apparatus was about 1 kW on average (although reduced to about 400 watts for a few minutes), and that it produced heat energy of approximately 12 kW which was used to evaporate water. The water temperature was raised from 20°C to about 101 °C and the output was claimed to be dry steam. A power gain factor of about 30 is claimed.
The intensity of the radiation emitted from the part of the apparatus where the alleged fusion process is taking place was measured both before and after ignition. No significant difference in activity was detected when the apparatus was in an idle and "working" mode. This result conflicts with current theoretical and experimental knowledge of nuclear fusion processes and interaction between radiation and matter, according to which excess radiation would be generated, allowed to escape the apparatus, and subsequently detected. No gamma ray spectroscopy was performed due to restrictions from Rossi and Focardi.
Giuseppe Levi , a nuclear physicist from INFN, helped organize the demonstration. He confirmed that the reactor produced about 12 kW and also stated that the energy was not likely to be of chemical origin since there was no measurable hydrogen consumption.
18 hour test
Levi strengthened his statement, saying that all chemical energy sources were excluded, after another test which was performed in Bologna from February 10 until February 11, 2011, and which lasted for 18 hours. In this test, to avoid uncertainties related to the boiling of the water the flow rate was increased, so that while the water increased in temperature it did not boil. This test was performed by Levi and Rossi and was not public. 
According to Levi the process was 'ignited' by an electrical resistance powered with approximately 1,250 watts for ten minutes. The input power was subsequently decreased to less than 100 watts, enough to maintain operation of the electronic equipment controlling the process. The unit was loaded with hydrogen before ignition, and the test was then run with the hydrogen bottle closed. Total consumption of hydrogen was, according to Levi, at the most 0.4 grams. The output power was in excess of 15kW, corresponding to a total energy release during the trial of approximately 1GJ (gigajoule), more than is available from any non-nuclear energy source.
Bologna, March 2011 tests
In March 29, 2011 two Swedish physicists, Hanno Essén, associate professor of theoretical physics and a lecturer at the Swedish Royal Institute of Technology and former chairman of the Swedish Skeptics Society and Sven Kullander, Professor Emeritus at Uppsala University and also chairman of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences’ Energy Committee, participated as observers in a test of a smaller version of the Energy Catalyzer. The test ran for six hours and the calculated energy produced was about 25 kWh.  In their report  they write "Any chemical process should be ruled out for producing 25 kWh from whatever is in a 50 cubic centimeter container. The only alternative explanation is that there is some kind of a nuclear process that gives rise to the measured energy production." According to Mats Lewan of the Swedish technology magazine Ny Teknik, they were given a sample of the nickel powder used in the unit as well as some Rossi says have been used for 2.5 months; analysis showed the unused powder was pure nickel while the used powder contained 10 percent copper and 11 percent iron, although iron production is not mentioned anywhere in the patent. They prefaced their discussion in the report with a disclaimer: "Since we do not have access to the internal design of the central fuel container and no information on the external lead shielding and the cooling water system we can only make very general comments."
Bologna, April 2011 tests
On April 19 and April 28 two more demonstrations were held. The first of them is also covered by the Italian 24-hour all-news State-owned television channel Rai News This time a Ny Teknik author attended and tested for some previously noted possibilities of fraud. He therefore calibrated the ammeter, measured the water flow by weighing and calibrated the temperature-sensor probe to confirm that all water is converted to steam. The measurements showed a net power of between 2.3 and 2.6 kilowatts. The input power was 300 watts.
Evaluation of the device
The mechanism by which the Energy Catalyzer generates excess energy – if it does so – is not known. Rossi claims in a patent application that this is a fusion process involving nickel and hydrogen, forming copper. This fusion reaction should generate substantial amounts of gamma radiation both directly and as the result of electron-positron annihilation, however none was detected during a public demonstration of their device in January 2011. In 2008, Rossi's patent application received an unfavorable preliminary report on patentability, citing serious deficiencies in both the description of the device and in the evidence provided to support its feasibility. The patent application was published on October 15, 2009.
Rossi and Focardi have been unable to publish their work in a peer-reviewed scientific journal, instead presenting their work in Rossi's self-published blog titled the Journal of Nuclear Physics.
Rossi claims he has an agreement with the newly formed Greek company Defkalion Green Technologies as his first client. According to the agreement Rossi will supposedly deliver a one megawatt heating plant, consisting of 300 reactors of 4 kW  connected in series and parallel. The plant which would supply heating for Defkalion's own purposes only, is supposed to be inaugurated in October 2011. 
Rossi claims he will not be paid by Defkalion until the installation is delivered and works. The company’s spokesman Symeon Tsalikoglou has confirmed the agreement.
Defkalion has also been featured on national Greek television  and in the national business newspaper Ependitis.  According to Defkalion and Rossi the agreement gives exclusive rights for Defkalion to manufacture and sell the energy catalyzer throughout Greece.